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|Anthony Green||15||(R)  Brookhaven Youth Ranch||May 12, 1991||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.statesman.com/specialreports/content/specialreports/restraint/0518cases.html A Texas toll: deaths attributed to restraints], AMERICAN-STATESMAN STAFF, Sunday, May 18 2003</Ref>
 
|Anthony Green||15||(R)  Brookhaven Youth Ranch||May 12, 1991||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.statesman.com/specialreports/content/specialreports/restraint/0518cases.html A Texas toll: deaths attributed to restraints], AMERICAN-STATESMAN STAFF, Sunday, May 18 2003</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Geoffrey Alan Vorhies||13||(S) [[Echo Glen Children's Center]]||(Unknown Month/Day) 1992||Necktie party <Ref>[http://teenadvocatesusa.homestead.com/EchoGlenChildrensCenter.html News Clips— Changes due at Echo Glen?], By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, June 6 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)</Ref>
+
|Geoffrey Alan Vorhies||13||(S) [[Echo Glen Children's Center]]||(Unknown Month/Day) 1992||Found hanging <Ref>[http://teenadvocatesusa.homestead.com/EchoGlenChildrensCenter.html News Clips— Changes due at Echo Glen?], By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, June 6 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Paul Choy||16||(N)  Rites of Passage (Nevada)||February 4,1992||According to members of the staff he became violent and that he stopped breathing even though they followed carefully drawn rules on retraining residents <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b98.htm Hard Work For Youths At Camp], By Rick DelVecchio and Ken Hoover, Chronicle Staff Writers, San Francisco Chronicle, February 18 1992 (Reprint from project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|Paul Choy||16||(N)  Rites of Passage (Nevada)||February 4,1992||According to members of the staff he became violent and that he stopped breathing even though they followed carefully drawn rules on retraining residents <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b98.htm Hard Work For Youths At Camp], By Rick DelVecchio and Ken Hoover, Chronicle Staff Writers, San Francisco Chronicle, February 18 1992 (Reprint from project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Christy Scheck||13||(S) Southwood Psychiatric Hospital||March 6, 1992||Necktie party <Ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1316/is_n10_v29/ai_19898078 A Wrongful Death: One Child's Fatal Encounter with Public Health and Private Greed. - book reviews], by Charles Slack, Washington Monthly,  Oct, 1997</Ref>.
+
|Christy Scheck||13||(S) Southwood Psychiatric Hospital||March 6, 1992||Found hanging <Ref>[http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m1316/is_n10_v29/ai_19898078 A Wrongful Death: One Child's Fatal Encounter with Public Health and Private Greed. - book reviews], by Charles Slack, Washington Monthly,  Oct, 1997</Ref>.
 
|-
 
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|Dawn Renay Perry||16||(R) Behavior Training Research||April 10, 1993||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.statesman.com/specialreports/content/specialreports/restraint/0518restraint.html When discipline turns fatal], By Jonathan Osborne and Mike Ward, American Statesman,  May 18 2003</Ref>
 
|Dawn Renay Perry||16||(R) Behavior Training Research||April 10, 1993||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.statesman.com/specialreports/content/specialreports/restraint/0518restraint.html When discipline turns fatal], By Jonathan Osborne and Mike Ward, American Statesman,  May 18 2003</Ref>
Linje 29: Linje 29:
 
|Jason Tallman||12||(R) Kid's Peace||May 12, 1993||Restraint <Ref>[http://cafety.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=358&Itemid=139 Can KidsPeace 'withstand' award to boy's mother?], by Paul Carpenter, The Morning Call, July 25 2006 (Reprint from COMMUNITY ALLIANCE FOR THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF YOUTH (CAFETY))</Ref>
 
|Jason Tallman||12||(R) Kid's Peace||May 12, 1993||Restraint <Ref>[http://cafety.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=358&Itemid=139 Can KidsPeace 'withstand' award to boy's mother?], by Paul Carpenter, The Morning Call, July 25 2006 (Reprint from COMMUNITY ALLIANCE FOR THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF YOUTH (CAFETY))</Ref>
 
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|Casey Collier||17||(R) Cleo Wallace Center||December 1993||
+
|Casey Collier||17||(R) Cleo Wallace Center||December 1993||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.csindy.com/gyrobase/Content?oid=oid:9094 Pinned Down], By KATHRYN EASTBURN, Colorado Springs Independent, July 24 2003 (article mentions the death)</Ref>.
 
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|Aaron Wright Bacon||16||(N) [[Northstar Expeditions]]||March 31, 1994||Neglected illness among more <Ref>[http://outside.away.com/magazine/1095/10f_deth.html Loving Them to Death], Outside Magazine, October 1995</Ref>
 
|Aaron Wright Bacon||16||(N) [[Northstar Expeditions]]||March 31, 1994||Neglected illness among more <Ref>[http://outside.away.com/magazine/1095/10f_deth.html Loving Them to Death], Outside Magazine, October 1995</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Thomas Mapes||17||(R) Youth Center of Topeka||July 8, 1994
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|Thomas Mapes||17||(R) Youth Center of Topeka||July 8, 1994||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.fightforkids.org/silent_death_of_americas_children.pdf THE SILENT DEATH OF AMERICA’S CHILDREN], Citizens Commission on Human Rights</Ref>
 
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|Jamar Griffiths||15||(R)  Allen Residential Center||October 18, 1994
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|Jamar Griffiths||15||(R)  Allen Residential Center||October 18, 1994||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.cj-brooks.com/protectedtodeath.htm Protected to Death], One voice/One Sound</Ref> <Ref>[http://blueribbonposse.createmybb2.com/showthread.php?tid=287&pid=1301#pid1301 Children that died after being removed from parents], a thread on the Blue Ribbon Posse message board</Ref>
 
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|Shinaul McGraw||12||(R) New Directions 2nd Chance||June 5, 1994
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|Shinaul McGraw||12||(R) New Directions 2nd Chance||June 5, 1994||Restraint <Ref>[http://community.seattletimes.nwsource.com/archive/?date=19960814&slug=2344107 State's First Juvenile Boot Camp Can't Get Its Footing -- `Nobody Wants It Near Them,' Organizers Say Of Search For Site], by Susan Byrnes, Seattle Times Staff Reporter, August 16 1996 (article mentions the death)</Ref>
 
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|-
 
|Lorenzo Johnson||17||(A) [[Canyon_State_Academy|Arizona Boys Ranch]]||June 27, 1994||Downing in a attempt to escape <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b39.htm Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch], By Dennis Wagner, ''The Arizona Republic'', March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|Lorenzo Johnson||17||(A) [[Canyon_State_Academy|Arizona Boys Ranch]]||June 27, 1994||Downing in a attempt to escape <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b39.htm Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch], By Dennis Wagner, ''The Arizona Republic'', March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Carlos Ruiz||13||Vision Quest||December 16, 1994
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|Carlos Ruiz||13||Vision Quest||December 16, 1994||Unknown cause <Ref>[http://fornits.com/phpbb/viewtopic.php?f=30&t=13360 VisionQuest Deaths], a thread on Fornits webforum</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Jonathan Avila||16||(S) [[Rocky Mountain Academy]]||July 25, 1994
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|Jonathan Avila||16||(S) [[Rocky Mountain Academy]]||July 25, 1994||Found hanging from a pipe <Ref>[http://www.teenliberty.org/RMA.htm BOY HANGS HIMSELF IN DORMITORY], by Kevin Keating, Spokemans Review, July 19 1994 (Re-print from Teen Liberty)</Ref>
 
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|Jeffrey Bogrett||9||(R) New England Center for Autism||December 1, 1995
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|Jeffrey Bogrett||9||(R) New England Center for Autism||December 1, 1995||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Earl Smith||9||(R) Children's Village||January 11, 1995
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|Earl Smith||9||(R) Children's Village||January 11, 1995||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Dawnne Takeuchi||18||(A) Vision Quest||June 25, 1995
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|Dawnne Takeuchi||18||(A) Vision Quest||June 25, 1995||Fell of a wagon <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Eric Roberts||16||(R) Odyssey Harbor||February 22, 1996
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|Eric Roberts||16||(R) Odyssey Harbor||February 22, 1996||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Will Futrelle||15||(H) [[Mountain_Park_Academy|Mountain Park Baptist Academy]]||March 25, 1996
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|Will Futrelle||15||(H) [[Mountain_Park_Academy|Mountain Park Baptist Academy]]||March 25, 1996||Silenced - properly from other detainees
 
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|Bobby Sue Thomas||17||(R) Northwood Children's Home||August 16, 1996
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|Bobby Sue Thomas||17||(R) Northwood Children's Home||August 16, 1996||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Rochelle Clayborne||16||(R) Laurel Ridge||August 18. 1997
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|Rochelle Clayborne||16||(R) Laurel Ridge||August 18. 1997||Restraint  <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Melissa Neyman||19||(R) Private Group Home in WA||July 24, 1997
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|Melissa Neyman||19||(R) Private Group Home in WA||July 24, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Jimmy Kanda||16||(R) Crow's Nest Family Care||September 20, 1997
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|Jimmy Kanda||16||(R) Crow's Nest Family Care||September 20, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Chris Campbell||13||(R) Iowa Juvenile Home||November 2, 1997
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|Chris Campbell||13||(R) Iowa Juvenile Home||November 2, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Robert Rollins||12||(R) Devereaux School||April 21, 1997
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|Robert Rollins||12||(R) Devereaux School||April 21, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Sakena Dorsey||19||(R) Foundation Behavioral||June 10, 1997
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|Sakena Dorsey||19||(R) Foundation Behavioral||June 10, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|-
|Jeffrey Demetrius||17||(R) Crockett State School||August 26, 1997
+
|Jeffrey Demetrius||17||(R) Crockett State School||August 26, 1997||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Kelly Young||17||(R) Brisbane Child Treatment||January 5, 1998  
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|Kelly Young||17||(R) Brisbane Child Treatment||January 5, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
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|Dustin E. Phelps||14||(R) Lancaster foster home (Ohio)||March 1, 1998
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|Dustin E. Phelps||14||(R) Lancaster foster home (Ohio)||March 1, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Laura Hanson||17||(R) Unknown Facility||November 19, 1998
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|Laura Hanson||17||(R) Unknown Facility||November 19, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
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|Mark Draheim||14||(R) Kids Peace||December 1998
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|Mark Draheim||14||(R) Kids Peace||December 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Nicholas Contreras||16||(N) [[Canyon_State_Academy|Arizona Boys Ranch]]||March 2, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b39.htm Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch], By Dennis Wagner, ''The Arizona Republic'', March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|Nicholas Contreras||16||(N) [[Canyon_State_Academy|Arizona Boys Ranch]]||March 2, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-b39.htm Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch], By Dennis Wagner, ''The Arizona Republic'', March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Matt Toppi||17||(A) [[Robert Land Academy]]||March 7, 1998||
+
|Matt Toppi||17||(A) [[Robert Land Academy]]||March 7, 1998||Run over by a train <Ref>[http://www.cbc.ca/news/story/1998/03/10/boys980310c.html Police regret jumping to conclusions about deaths], CBC.ca, November 13 1998</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Chris Brown||16||(A) [[Robert Land Academy]]||March 7, 1998||
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|Chris Brown||16||(A) [[Robert Land Academy]]||March 7, 1998||Run over by a train together with Matt Toppi. It was his second attempt at freedom <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-a98.htm Teen cadet fled before Police returned him], By Dan Nolan, The Spectator, March 12 1998 (Re-print from project Nospank)</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Ashley Shaddox||14||(SH) [[Echo Glen Children's Center]]||March 1, 1998||Necktie party <Ref>[http://teenadvocatesusa.homestead.com/EchoGlenChildrensCenter.html A teen dies while in state custody at Echo Glen Children's Center], By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, April 34 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)</Ref>
+
|Ashley Shaddox||14||(SH) [[Echo Glen Children's Center]]||March 1, 1998||Found hanging <Ref>[http://teenadvocatesusa.homestead.com/EchoGlenChildrensCenter.html A teen dies while in state custody at Echo Glen Children's Center], By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, April 34 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Andrew McClain||11||(R) Elmcrest Psychiatric Hospital||March 22, 1998||
+
|Andrew McClain||11||(R) Elmcrest Psychiatric Hospital||March 22, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Tristan Sovern||16||(R) Charter Behavioral Healthcare||March 4, 1998||
+
|Tristan Sovern||16||(R) Charter Behavioral Healthcare||March 4, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Mark Soares||16||(R) Wayside Union Academy||April 29, 1998||
+
|Mark Soares||16||(R) Wayside Union Academy||April 29, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Edith Campos||15||(R) Desert Hills||February 4, 1998||
+
|Edith Campos||15||(R) Desert Hills||February 4, 1998||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Chad Andrew Franza||16||Polk County Boot Camp||August, 1998||Nektie party in his cell <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-d10.htm Teen assigned to juvenile boot camp found in apparent suicide], Associated Press, August 20, 1998 (reprint from project [http://www.nospank.net Nospank])</ref>
+
|Chad Andrew Franza||16||Polk County Boot Camp||August, 1998||Found hanging in his cell <Ref>[http://www.nospank.net/n-d10.htm Teen assigned to juvenile boot camp found in apparent suicide], Associated Press, August 20, 1998 (reprint from project [http://www.nospank.net Nospank])</ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros||16||(R) New Alternatives||February 5, 1999||
+
|Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros||16||(R) New Alternatives||February 5, 1999||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Jerry McLaurin||14||(R) New Horizons Ranch||November 2, 1999||
+
|Jerry McLaurin||14||(R) New Horizons Ranch||November 2, 1999||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|-
 
|-
|Joshua Sharpe||17||(R) Wisconsin Treatment Center||December 28, 1999||
+
|Joshua Sharpe||17||(R) Wisconsin Treatment Center||December 28, 1999||Restraint <Ref>[]</Ref>
 
|}
 
|}
  

Versionen fra 12. jan 2009, 21:57

Victim 1990's is a subpage of the main Victims page.

Disclaimer: The list is incomplete as research is not finished.

Deaths in programs during the 1990's

Name Age Program Date Cause of death (If investigated or published at all)
Diane Harris 17 (R) Sequin Community Living Center April 14, 1990 Restraint death[1] [2]
Michelle Lynn Sutton 15 (N) Summit Quest May 9, 1990 Negligence [3] [4]
Kristen Chase 16 (N) Challenger June 27, 1990 Negligence [5]
John Vincent Garrison 18 Vision Quest June, 1990 Unknown[6]
Anthony Green 15 (R) Brookhaven Youth Ranch May 12, 1991 Restraint [7]
Geoffrey Alan Vorhies 13 (S) Echo Glen Children's Center (Unknown Month/Day) 1992 Found hanging [8]
Paul Choy 16 (N) Rites of Passage (Nevada) February 4,1992 According to members of the staff he became violent and that he stopped breathing even though they followed carefully drawn rules on retraining residents [9]
Christy Scheck 13 (S) Southwood Psychiatric Hospital March 6, 1992 Found hanging [10].
Dawn Renay Perry 16 (R) Behavior Training Research April 10, 1993 Restraint [11]
Jason Tallman 12 (R) Kid's Peace May 12, 1993 Restraint [12]
Casey Collier 17 (R) Cleo Wallace Center December 1993 Restraint [13].
Aaron Wright Bacon 16 (N) Northstar Expeditions March 31, 1994 Neglected illness among more [14]
Thomas Mapes 17 (R) Youth Center of Topeka July 8, 1994 Restraint [15]
Jamar Griffiths 15 (R) Allen Residential Center October 18, 1994 Restraint [16] [17]
Shinaul McGraw 12 (R) New Directions 2nd Chance June 5, 1994 Restraint [18]
Lorenzo Johnson 17 (A) Arizona Boys Ranch June 27, 1994 Downing in a attempt to escape [19]
Carlos Ruiz 13 Vision Quest December 16, 1994 Unknown cause [20]
Jonathan Avila 16 (S) Rocky Mountain Academy July 25, 1994 Found hanging from a pipe [21]
Jeffrey Bogrett 9 (R) New England Center for Autism December 1, 1995 Restraint [22]
Earl Smith 9 (R) Children's Village January 11, 1995 Restraint [23]
Dawnne Takeuchi 18 (A) Vision Quest June 25, 1995 Fell of a wagon [24]
Eric Roberts 16 (R) Odyssey Harbor February 22, 1996 Restraint [25]
Will Futrelle 15 (H) Mountain Park Baptist Academy March 25, 1996 Silenced - properly from other detainees
Bobby Sue Thomas 17 (R) Northwood Children's Home August 16, 1996 Restraint [26]
Rochelle Clayborne 16 (R) Laurel Ridge August 18. 1997 Restraint [27]
Melissa Neyman 19 (R) Private Group Home in WA July 24, 1997 Restraint [28]
Jimmy Kanda 16 (R) Crow's Nest Family Care September 20, 1997 Restraint [29]
Chris Campbell 13 (R) Iowa Juvenile Home November 2, 1997 Restraint [30]
Robert Rollins 12 (R) Devereaux School April 21, 1997 Restraint [31]
Sakena Dorsey 19 (R) Foundation Behavioral June 10, 1997 Restraint [32]
Jeffrey Demetrius 17 (R) Crockett State School August 26, 1997 Restraint [33]
Kelly Young 17 (R) Brisbane Child Treatment January 5, 1998 Restraint [34]
Dustin E. Phelps 14 (R) Lancaster foster home (Ohio) March 1, 1998 Restraint [35]
Laura Hanson 17 (R) Unknown Facility November 19, 1998 Restraint [36]
Mark Draheim 14 (R) Kids Peace December 1998 Restraint [37]
Nicholas Contreras 16 (N) Arizona Boys Ranch March 2, 1998 Restraint [38]
Matt Toppi 17 (A) Robert Land Academy March 7, 1998 Run over by a train [39]
Chris Brown 16 (A) Robert Land Academy March 7, 1998 Run over by a train together with Matt Toppi. It was his second attempt at freedom [40]
Ashley Shaddox 14 (SH) Echo Glen Children's Center March 1, 1998 Found hanging [41]
Andrew McClain 11 (R) Elmcrest Psychiatric Hospital March 22, 1998 Restraint [42]
Tristan Sovern 16 (R) Charter Behavioral Healthcare March 4, 1998 Restraint [43]
Mark Soares 16 (R) Wayside Union Academy April 29, 1998 Restraint [44]
Edith Campos 15 (R) Desert Hills February 4, 1998 Restraint [45]
Chad Andrew Franza 16 Polk County Boot Camp August, 1998 Found hanging in his cell [46]
Kristal Mayon-Ceniceros 16 (R) New Alternatives February 5, 1999 Restraint [47]
Jerry McLaurin 14 (R) New Horizons Ranch November 2, 1999 Restraint [48]
Joshua Sharpe 17 (R) Wisconsin Treatment Center December 28, 1999 Restraint [49]

Cause of death

  • (H) Homicide
  • (S) Suicide
  • (R) Restraint
  • (N) Negligence
  • (NC) Natural Causes
  • (A) Accident
  • (M) Medical
  • (B) Beating
  • (BA) Boating Accident (drowning)
  • (UI) Under Investigation
  • (UK) Unknown
  • (OD) Overdose

External Links

References

  1. NEVER, NEVER TAKE YOUR EYES OFF YOUR KIDS!
  2. Deaths of mentally retarded while bound cause concern, By Karisa King, San Antonio Express-News: Metro and State, October 21 2000 (Reprint from COALITION AGAINST INSTITUTIONALIZED CHILD ABUSE - CAICA)
  3. Michelle Sutton Memorial
  4. Michelle Sutton blog
  5. TEEN'S FATHER ASSAILS CHALLENGER PROGRAM, By Brent Israelsen, Deseret News, July 14 1990
  6. VisionQuest Deaths, a thread on Fornits webforum
  7. A Texas toll: deaths attributed to restraints, AMERICAN-STATESMAN STAFF, Sunday, May 18 2003
  8. News Clips— Changes due at Echo Glen?, By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, June 6 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)
  9. Hard Work For Youths At Camp, By Rick DelVecchio and Ken Hoover, Chronicle Staff Writers, San Francisco Chronicle, February 18 1992 (Reprint from project Nospank)
  10. A Wrongful Death: One Child's Fatal Encounter with Public Health and Private Greed. - book reviews, by Charles Slack, Washington Monthly, Oct, 1997
  11. When discipline turns fatal, By Jonathan Osborne and Mike Ward, American Statesman, May 18 2003
  12. Can KidsPeace 'withstand' award to boy's mother?, by Paul Carpenter, The Morning Call, July 25 2006 (Reprint from COMMUNITY ALLIANCE FOR THE ETHICAL TREATMENT OF YOUTH (CAFETY))
  13. Pinned Down, By KATHRYN EASTBURN, Colorado Springs Independent, July 24 2003 (article mentions the death)
  14. Loving Them to Death, Outside Magazine, October 1995
  15. THE SILENT DEATH OF AMERICA’S CHILDREN, Citizens Commission on Human Rights
  16. Protected to Death, One voice/One Sound
  17. Children that died after being removed from parents, a thread on the Blue Ribbon Posse message board
  18. State's First Juvenile Boot Camp Can't Get Its Footing -- `Nobody Wants It Near Them,' Organizers Say Of Search For Site, by Susan Byrnes, Seattle Times Staff Reporter, August 16 1996 (article mentions the death)
  19. Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch, By Dennis Wagner, The Arizona Republic, March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)
  20. VisionQuest Deaths, a thread on Fornits webforum
  21. BOY HANGS HIMSELF IN DORMITORY, by Kevin Keating, Spokemans Review, July 19 1994 (Re-print from Teen Liberty)
  22. []
  23. []
  24. []
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  27. []
  28. []
  29. []
  30. []
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  32. []
  33. []
  34. []
  35. []
  36. []
  37. []
  38. Teen dies after restraint at Arizona Boys Ranch, By Dennis Wagner, The Arizona Republic, March 28, 1998 (Reprint from Project Nospank)
  39. Police regret jumping to conclusions about deaths, CBC.ca, November 13 1998
  40. Teen cadet fled before Police returned him, By Dan Nolan, The Spectator, March 12 1998 (Re-print from project Nospank)
  41. A teen dies while in state custody at Echo Glen Children's Center, By Rick Anderson, The Seattle Times, April 34 2001 (Reprint from Teen Advocate USA)
  42. []
  43. []
  44. []
  45. []
  46. Teen assigned to juvenile boot camp found in apparent suicide, Associated Press, August 20, 1998 (reprint from project Nospank)
  47. []
  48. []
  49. []